Research

Listed below are a range of Osteopathic research attachments and references.

Click here for a list of research and evidence from Osteopathy Australia

Effectiveness of manual therapies: the UK evidence report

Gert Bronfort, Mitch Haas, Roni Evans, Brent Leininger, Jay Triano

Published on PubMed

Spinal manipulation/mobilization is effective in adults for: acute, subacute, and chronic low back pain; migraine and cervicogenic headache; cervicogenic dizziness; manipulation/mobilization is effective for several extremity joint conditions; and thoracic manipulation/mobilization is effective for acute/subacute neck pain.

Following a review (by the UK government's independant Advertising Standards Authority  of the Bronfort et al Review in 2010) they accept that osteopaths may claim to help a variety of medical conditions, including:

  • generalised aches and pains,
    • joint pains including hip and knee pain from osteoarthritis as an adjunct to core OA treatments and exercise
    • arthritic pain,
    • general, acute & chronic backache, back pain (not arising from injury or accident)
    • uncomplicated mechanical neck pain (as opposed to neck pain following injury i.e. whiplash)
    • headache arising from the neck (cervicogenic) / migraine prevention
    • frozen shoulder/ shoulder and elbow pain/ tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis) arising from associated musculoskeletal conditions of the back and neck, but not isolated occurrences
    • circulatory problems,
    • cramp,
    • digestion problems,
    • joint pains, lumbago,
    • sciatica,
    • muscle spasms,
    • neuralgia,
    • fibromyalgia,
    • inability to relax,
    • rheumatic pain,
    • minor sports injuries and tensions.

Balanced ligamentous tension

Articulation

Thrust technique evidence

Cranialresearch

Physiological changes brought about through osteopathic treatment

Articulation (1)

Balanced ligamentous tension

Counter strain techniques

Lymphatic pump techniques

Muscle energy techniques

Myofascial release techniques

Rib raising techniques

Soft tissue massage techniques

Trigger point inhibition

Tirgger point inhibition

Paediatric osteopathy studies

 

Pregnancy and Postpartum

Bennett, VR. Brown, LK. (ed.) (2002). Myles Textbook for Midwives. Churchill Livingstone, Philadelphia.

Carreiro, JE. (2003). An Osteopathic Approach to Children. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh.

Kuchera, ML. Kuchera, WA. (1994). Osteopathic Considerations in Systemic Dysfunction. Greyden Press, Ohio.

Sutton, J. Scott, P. (1996). Optimal Foetal Positioning. Birth Concepts, New Zealand.

Hawkins, P. O'Neill, A. (1990). Osteopathy in Australia. P.I.T. Press, Bundoora.

Molinari, R. (2002-3) Lecture Notes Osteopathy and Obstetrics Course. European School of Osteopathy, Kent

Molinari,R. (1999) The Biomechanical and Postural Adaptation of the Pregnant Woman. European School of Osteopathy, Kent.

Andersson, GB. Haagstad, A. Jansson, PO.Svensson, HO. The relationship of low-back pain to pregnancy and gynaecological factors. Spine August 1990.

Kofler, G. (2003) Osteopathy for Back and Pelvic Pain in Pregnancy. Wiener Schule fur Osteopathie, Austria.

Andersson, GB. Ostgaard, HC. Postpartum low-back pain. Spine. March 1992

Colliton, J. Managing Back Pain During Pregnancy. MedGenMed. 1(2), 1999.

Russell, R. Dundas, R. Reynolds, F. Long term backache after childbirth: prospective search for causative factors. British Medical Journal. June 1,1996 v312 n7043 p1384(5).

Galleher, C. Functional Changes in Back Muscle Activity Correlate With Pain Intensity and Prediction of Low Back Pain During Pregnancy. (Statistical Data Included). Physical Therapy. July 1999 v79 i7 p711.

King, HH. Tettambel, MA. Lockwood, MD. Johnson, KH. Arsenault, DA. Quist, R. Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment in Prenatal Care: A Retrospective Case Control Design Study. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. Dec 2003, v103 n12 p577-582.

Whiting, LM. Can the length of labor be shortened by osteopathic treatment? Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. 1911;11:917-921.

Hart, LM. Obstetrical Practice. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. 1918:609-614.

Russell, R. Reynolds, F. Back pain, pregnancy and birth: postpartum pain is most likely to be a continuation of antepartum pain. (Editorial). British Medical Journal. April 12, 1997 v314 n7087 p1062(2).

Hart, LM. Obstetrical Practice. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. 1918:609-614.

Osteopathic manipulative treatment of back pain and related symptoms during pregnancy: a randomized controlled trial. Licciardone JC, Buchanan S, Hensel KL, King HH, Fulda KG, Stoll ST Published in American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 2010 Jan;202(1):43.e1-8.

Osteopathic manipulative treatment of back pain and related symptoms during pregnancy: a randomized controlled trial. Licciardone JC, Buchanan S, Hensel KL, King HH, Fulda KG, Stoll ST. Published in American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 2010 Jan;202(1):43.e1-8.

Interventions for preventing and treating pelvic and back pain in pregnancy. Pennick V, Liddle SD. Published in Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Aug 1;8:CD001139. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD001139.pub3.

Babies

Colic in babies:

article-cranial osteo for colic

Recurrent ear infections:

Steele KM, Carreiro JE, Viola JH, Conte JA, Ridpath LC.

Published in the Journal of American Osteopathic Association

A standardized osteopathic manipulative treatment protocol administered adjunctively with standard care for patients with acute otitis media may result in faster resolution of middle ear effusion following acute otitis media than standard treatment alone.

Mills MV, Henley CE, Barnes LL, Carreiro JE, Degenhardt BF.

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2003 Sep;157(9):861-6

The results of this study suggest a potential benefit of osteopathic manipulative treatment as adjuvant therapy in children with recurrent AOM; it may prevent or decrease surgical intervention or antibiotic overuse.

Malocclusion

  1. Andreson, C. Bahr, C. Ciranna- Raab

IJOM 16 (2), June 2013, 99-113

In this systematic review, osteopathy and other manual therapy approaches are tested in dental malocclusion. Evidence collected suggests osteopathy assisted realignment over alternative forms of manual therapy.